When halloween costumes used to be creepy
Are you fucking serious? This is terrifying.
I asked seven anthropologists, archaeologists, and historians if they would rather have been a typical Indian or a typical European in 1491. None was delighted by the question, because it required judging the past by the standards of today—a fallacy disparaged as “presentism” by social scientists. But every one chose to be an Indian. Some early colonists gave the same answer. Horrifying the leaders of Jamestown and Plymouth, scores of English ran off to live with the Indians. My ancestor shared their desire, which is what led to the trumped-up murder charges against him—or that’s what my grandfather told me, anyway.
As for the Indians, evidence suggests that they often viewed Europeans with disdain. The Hurons, a chagrined missionary reported, thought the French possessed “little intelligence in comparison to themselves.” Europeans, Indians said, were physically weak, sexually untrustworthy, atrociously ugly, and just plain dirty. (Spaniards, who seldom if ever bathed, were amazed by the Aztec desire for personal cleanliness.) A Jesuit reported that the “Savages” were disgusted by handkerchiefs: “They say, we place what is unclean in a fine white piece of linen, and put it away in our pockets as something very precious, while they throw it upon the ground.” The Micmac scoffed at the notion of French superiority. If Christian civilization was so wonderful, why were its inhabitants leaving?
Like people everywhere, Indians survived by cleverly exploiting their environment. Europeans tended to manage land by breaking it into fragments for farmers and herders. Indians often worked on such a grand scale that the scope of their ambition can be hard to grasp. They created small plots, as Europeans did (about 1.5 million acres of terraces still exist in the Peruvian Andes), but they also reshaped entire landscapes to suit their purposes. A principal tool was fire, used to keep down underbrush and create the open, grassy conditions favorable for game. Rather than domesticating animals for meat, Indians retooled whole ecosystems to grow bumper crops of elk, deer, and bison. The first white settlers in Ohio found forests as open as English parks—they could drive carriages through the woods. Along the Hudson River the annual fall burning lit up the banks for miles on end; so flashy was the show that the Dutch in New Amsterdam boated upriver to goggle at the blaze like children at fireworks. In North America, Indian torches had their biggest impact on the Midwestern prairie, much or most of which was created and maintained by fire. Millennia of exuberant burning shaped the plains into vast buffalo farms. When Indian societies disintegrated, forest invaded savannah in Wisconsin, Illinois, Kansas, Nebraska, and the Texas Hill Country. Is it possible that the Indians changed the Americas more than the invading Europeans did? “The answer is probably yes for most regions for the next 250 years or so” after Columbus, William Denevan wrote, “and for some regions right up to the present time.”
Quoted from the essay "1941" written by Charles C. Mann, about the major impact that Native Americans had on the Americas (ecologically and culturally) before white people invaded, bringing their diseases and shoving Christianity down the Indians’ throats and murdering them and banning their cultures.
Check out the whole piece (which is rather long). (P.S thanks to @cazalis for sending me this great link)
and another excerpt:
i definitely thought the orange one was a pumpkin and this was some weird yankee halloween thing
i swear the orange one was a pumpkin
Urbance animated project is now on Kickstarter.
YOU KNOW WHAT TO DO
It’s that time of year again.
Just say no to racist costumes people.
Blackface is racist.
Dia de Los Muertos “costumes” are racist
Costuming off of someone else’s culture is racist.
Do your part in making this Halloween season enjoyable for everyone!
- Mirai Nikki:Kill your only love or be killed by your only love. Pick one
- Death Note:If you can kill someone without anyone knowing it was you, would you do it?
No, I would still find it to be wrong.
- Sword Art Online:You are playing a game where you have one life. If you die in that game you die irl. Only way out is to beat the game. Do you actually try to beat the game? Or just quietly live in your simulated reality safe, but unable to return to reality?
I would try to beat the game! Living in a not real world sounds scary, plus I would miss my loved ones.
- Deadman Wonderland:You are wrongly sentenced to the death penalty. You are allowed to speak to one person. Who is that person?
The person that goes by the name Kennedy. >w>
- Pokemon:If you can have a real life pokemon, who would it be?
I would say skitty, but now that I think about it… Rayquaza!! I would name it Queso.
- Dangan Ronpa:You are drafted to attend a prestigious school for an outstanding talent of yours, what talent would that be?
Super High School Level Cartoon Enthusiast. I shall share my useless knowledge whether you like it or not. vwv
Im resetting my town so here is what’s up. You can get one of each of these. Reblog to enter.
-Weeding Day Set
-10 Gold Roses
-10 Blue Roses
Just reblog to enter and you don’t have to follow but I would sure appreciate it